Ikerbasque Research Professor
Maria Kukley is mostly known for her discovery of an un-usual synaptic signaling between neurons and progenitors of myelinating glial cells in the white matter areas of rodent and human brain (Kukley et al, Nature Neuroscience, 2007; Gallo et al, J. Physiology, 2008).
“The discovery of axon-glia synapses in the white matter is fascinating because it offers a completely new view on the brain white matter: over many years scientists were convinced that white matter is a “highway” of the nervous system and its major function is to merely propagate nerve impulses. Existence of functional synapses in the white matter posits that a single neuronal axon may build hundreds of release sites along its length to transfer information to glia cells. Functional significance of this un-usual neuron-glia signaling remains to be discovered…”
Maria received her degree in Medical Biochemistry from the Russian State Medical University (Moscow/Russia), and a Ph.D. degree in Neuropathology from the Russian Academy of Medical Science (Moscow/Russia). After the PhD, Maria trained at the University of Bratislava/Slovakia, the University of Marburg/Germany, and the University of Bonn/Germany.
In 2008, Maria received an award from the German Research Foundation (DFG) to start an independent research laboratory in Tübingen/Germany. In Tübingen, together with her students, Maria studied neuron-glia synapses and discovered that these synapses may be involved in regulating proliferation and differentiation of oligodendroglial progenitors, and may mediate the effects of neuronal activity on the development of myelinating cells (Nagy et al, PLOS Biology, 2017; Chen et al, Cell Reports, 2018).
In 2018, Maria received an award from the Ikerbasque (The Basque Foundation for Science) to join the Achucarro Basque Centre for Neuroscience in Leioa/Spain. The current research in her laboratory focuses on role of glial cells in the spinal cord injury.
In addition to being a researcher, Maria acts as a Guest Editor at Frontiers and at Springer Nature.
Besides science, Maria is passionate about arts and learning foreign languages. She pursuits studies of visual arts in Germany, UK, and Italy.
Understanding the Role of the Glial Scar through the Depletion of Glial Cells after Spinal Cord InjuryCells (Jul, 2023) DOI: 10.3390/cells12141842
Recent Insights into the Functional Role of AMPA Receptors in the Oligodendrocyte Lineage Cells In VivoInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences (Feb, 2023) DOI: 10.3390/ijms24044138
Technical approaches and challenges to study AMPA receptors in oligodendrocyte lineage cells: Past, present, and futureGlia (Dec, 2022) DOI: 10.1002/glia.24305
Editorial: Journey to the Center of the Brain: Cell Physiology and Intercellular Communication in White MatterFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience (Mar, 2022) DOI: 10.3389/fncel.2022.864368
Altered Expression of Ion Channels in White Matter Lesions of Progressive Multiple Sclerosis: What Do We Know About Their Function?Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience (Jun, 2021) DOI: 10.3389/fncel.2021.685703